The course aims at enabling the student to recognize and outline:

  1. basic characteristics of Kenya's physical environment: diversity and commonalities 
  2. the current issues related to Kenya's physical geography and development
  3. the causes of common environmental issues faced by Kenyans;

The course therefore gives the student a glimpse of:

  • A brief introduction to Geography of Kenya: Historically and politically;
  • Some salient features
  • Physical Geography: Surface geology and its resource  potentials
  • Physiographic Regions: the resource potentials, constraints and prospects
  • Climate, drainage and water resources: the resource potentials, constraints and prospects
  • Vegetation and animal life: the resource potentials, constraints and prospects
  • Kenya’s Physical Geography and the country’s development: a blessing or a curse
  • Cross-cutting issues: foundations and the way-forward
    • Environmental Problems
    • Corruption and bad governance
    • Insecurity
    • Rapid population increase


  1. Ojany, F. F. and Ogendo, R. R. (1989). Kenya: A Study in Physical and Human Geography. Longman, Nairobi.
  2. Morgan, W. T. W. (1973). East Africa. Longman, London.
  3. Waters, G. and Odero, J. (1990). Geography of Kenya and the East African Region. Macmillan, London.